Theology by Necessity. Change, Crisis and Development in Biblical Theology

Biblical texts have often been occasioned by profound theological crises. These in turn have a background in historical events or processes that force different and more appropriate theological constructions. This course analyzes the mechanisms of change in such processes. The purpose is to illustrate how a theology can result from a particular situation, and how texts in such situations often change both in scope and interpretation. The course covers a number of examples where these mechanisms of change have been particularly transformative in text and theology, such as the exile and the absence of the temple, hellenistic influence, the Roman occupation, Jesus’ crucifixion, the so-called delay of the parousia, and the growing gap between early Judaism and the early Christian movement. The course also emphasizes the responsibility of the interpreter in the light of these changes.

Efter kursen förväntas studenten:

  • demonstrate profound knowledge of the historical crises behind fundamental changes in the theology of biblical texts and their interpretations
  • demonstrate an ability to creatively and independently formulate and discuss issues and tasks that contribute to the understanding of how biblical texts have been shaped
  • demonstrate an ability to speak and write clearly about and account for the relationship between social crises and theological developments of biblical texts, and discuss results in a national as well as in an international group setting
  • demonstrate an understanding of research in mechanisms of social change underlying the formation and re-interpretation of religious texts and biblical texts in particular, and demonstrate an ability to assess the theological and ethical implications of such research

Albertz, R., 2003. Israel in Exile: The History and Literature of the Sixth Century B.C.E.Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature (460 s).

Lipschits, O. & Blenkinsopp, J. (red.), 2003. Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. (230 s i urval).

Albertz, R. & Becking, B. (red.), 2003. Yahwism after the Exile: Perspectives on Israelite Religion in the Persian Era. Assen: Royal Van Gorcum. (150 s i urval).

Dunn, James D.G., 1991. The Partings of the Ways Between Christianity and Judaism and their Significance for the Character of Christianity. London: SCM (280 s).

Eberhart, Christian A., 2011. The Sacrifice of Jesus: Understanding Atonement Biblically. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress (134 s).
Finlan, Stephen, 2007. Options on Atonement in Christian Thought. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press (132 s).

Horsley, Richard A., 2008. Jesus in Context: Power, People and Performance. Minneapolis: Fortress (256 s).
Oakman, Douglas E., 2012. The Political Aims of Jesus. Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 2-138 (136 s).
Available as eBook via EbscoHost for students and staff.

Theissen, Gerd, 1999. The Religion of the Earliest Churches: Creating a Symbolic World.Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 207-248 (42 s). 

Ullucci, Daniel C., 2012. The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice. Oxford: University Press (147 s).

Schemat finns tillgängligt senast en månad innan kursen startar. Vi rekommenderar inte att du skriver ut schemat eftersom vissa ändringar kan ske.

Öppna schemat

Åke Viberg

Programansvarig teologiskt program inriktning präst i Svenska kyrkan, docent, högskolelektor, ämnesföreträdare


Thomas Kazen

Professor, pastor



A = Framstående, B = Mycket bra, C = Bra, D = Tillfredsställande, E = Tillräcklig, Fx = Otillräcklig, komplettering möjlig, F = Otillräcklig


  • Muntlig tentamen
  • PM
  • Seminarier

Godkända kurser för en kandidatexamen i teologi/religionsvetenskap, 180 hp, där minst 150 hp utgörs av teologi/religionsvetenskap eller motsvarande. Dessutom kunskaper i engelska motsvarande kraven för grundläggande behörighet.

Vid Teologiska högskolan Stockholm tillämpas obligatorisk närvaro.

Fastställd av Ämnesföreträdarkollegiet vid Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm den 3 maj 2016.