Theology by Necessity. Change, Crisis and Development in Biblical Theology

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Biblical texts have often been occasioned by profound theological crises. These in turn have a background in historical events or processes that force different and more appropriate theological constructions. This course analyzes the mechanisms of change in such processes. The purpose is to illustrate how a theology can result from a particular situation, and how texts in such situations often change both in scope and interpretation. The course covers a number of examples where these mechanisms of change have been particularly transformative in text and theology, such as the exile and the absence of the temple, hellenistic influence, the Roman occupation, Jesus’ crucifixion, the so-called delay of the parousia, and the growing gap between early Judaism and the early Christian movement. The course also emphasizes the responsibility of the interpreter in the light of these changes.

Efter kursen förväntas studenten:

  • demonstrate knowledge of the historical crises that led to fundamental changes in the theology of biblical texts and their interpretations
  • demonstrate an ability to formulate and discuss issues and tasks that contribute to the understanding of how biblical texts have been shaped
  • demonstrate an ability to speak and write clearly about and account for the relationship between social crises and theological developments of biblical texts
  • demonstrate a basic understanding of research in mechanisms of social change underlying the formation and re-interpretation of religious texts and biblical texts in particular, and demonstrate an ability to present research with both theological and ethical implications

Albertz, R., 2003. Israel in Exile: The History and Literature of the Sixth Century B.C.E.Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature (460 s).

Lipschits, O. & Blenkinsopp, J. (red.), 2003. Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. (230 s i urval).

Albertz, R. & Becking,B. (red.), 2003. Yahwism after the Exile: Perspectives on Israelite Religion in the Persian Era. Assen: Royal Van Gorcum. (150 s i urval).

Dunn, James D.G., 1991. The Partings of the Ways Between Christianity and Judaism and their Significance for the Character of Christianity. London: SCM (280 s).

Eberhart, Christian A., 2011. The Sacrifice of Jesus: Understanding Atonement Biblically. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress (134 s).
Finlan, Stephen, 2007. Options on Atonement in Christian Thought. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press (132 s).

Horsley, Richard A., 2008. Jesus in Context: Power, People and Performance. Minneapolis: Fortress (256 s).
Oakman, Douglas E. 2012. The Political Aims of Jesus. Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 2-138 (136 s).

Theissen, Gerd, 1999. The Religion of the Earliest Churches: Creating a Symbolic World.Minneapolis: Fortress. S. 207-248 (42 s). 

Ullucci, Daniel C., 2012. The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice. Oxford: University Press (147 s).

Åke Viberg

Programansvarig teologiskt program inriktning präst i Svenska kyrkan, docent, högskolelektor, ämnesföreträdare


Thomas Kazen

Professor, pastor



U = Underkänd, G = Godkänd, VG = Väl godkänd


  • Muntlig tentamen
  • PM
  • Seminarier

Grundläggande behörighet.
Kurser i teologi 60 hp, varav minst 15 hp från fortsättningsnivå inklusive gammaltestamentlig eller nytestamentlig textkurs 7,5 hp eller motsvarande.

Vid Teologiska högskolan tillämpas obligatorisk närvaro.

Fastställd av Ämnesföreträdarkollegiet vid Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm den 3 maj 2016.