Theology of Icons

The theology of icons occupies a prominent place within Orthodox theology as a whole. This course explores theological articulations of visual representations within the Orthodox tradition, as well as the use and meaning of the very concept of ’icon’ in Biblical narratives, patristic theology and the liturgical tradition of the Orthodox Church. The course will explore both traditional and modern theological discourses on icons.

At the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to:

  • demonstrate knowledge of major themes/issues discussed during the iconoclastic crisis
  • demonstrate knowledge of major theologians, writing on icons and their theology, and their works
  • analyze pro-icons and contra-icons arguments
  • relate the issues specific to the theology of icons with broader theological concerns

The course literature may be subject to revision.

  • NIV Study Bible, Fully Revised Edition, Hardcover, Red Letter, Comfort Print. 2020. By: Zondrevan Publishing. Grand Rapids Michigan: Zondrevan Publishing. (5 p.)

  • Damascus, John of , 2010. Three Treatises on the Divine Images: Apologia Against Those Who Decry Holy Images. Scotts Valley California : Createspace Independent Publishing Plattform. (10 p.)

  • Studite, Theodore the , 1981. On the Holy Icons . Crestwood New York: St Vladimir's Seminary Press. (7 p.)

  • Besançon, Alain, 2000. The Forbidden Image: An Intellectual History of Iconoclasm . Chicago Illinois: The University of Chicago Press. (280 p.)

  • Giakalis, Ambrosios, 1994. Images of the Divine: The Theology of Icons at the Seventh Ecumenical Council.. Leiden South Holland : Brill Academic Publishers. (140 p.)

  • Ouspensky , Leonid , 1992. Theology of the Icon. vol. 2 Crestwood New York: St Vladimir's Seminary Press. (450 p.)

The schedule is available at the latest one month before the course starts. We do not recommend that you print the schedule as some changes may happen.

Open the Schedule

Davor Džalto

Professor in Religion, Art and Democracy


A = Excellent, B = Very good, C = Good, D = Satisfactory, E = Sufficient, Fx = Insufficient, F = Insufficient

Examination Format

  • Papers
  • Seminars
  • Take-home examination

General requirements for university studies

Established by Subject Representative College at Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm on January 22, 2020.